Francesco Lione, a partner in the London office of Latham & Watkins, represents clients in acquisition financings, high yield offerings, hybrid capital raisings, liability management, and restructuring matters under both US law and English law.

Mr. Lione has advised entrepreneurs, sponsors, and companies on transformative, strategic financings, such as the largest sterling corporate bond sale on record, the third largest LBO financing in the UK, the largest private debt financing of an Italian LBO, debut capital markets transactions, and inaugural green bond issuances. He has also counselled investment banks on complex, groundbreaking deals, such as the first European LBO financing featuring pari passu bonds and loans, the first instance of a European business funding its supply chain finance program through the high yield bond market, the second largest offshore bond offering by a Japanese issuer, and the second largest LBO financing in the UK. Mr. Lione has assisted direct lenders and investment firms with a wide array of bespoke capital raisings, spanning Holdo PIK issuances, convertible debt placements, and pre-IPO financings. Lastly, he has represented creditors and borrowers in several balance sheet restructurings of cross-border businesses.

Working closely with issuers and borrowers through the ups and downs of business cycles, Mr. Lione has extended his practice to cover a broader range of transactional finance assignments — advising companies on preferred equity issuances, working capital facilities, securitization structures, club loan deals, and, more recently during the COVID-19 pandemic, emergency injections of capital and negotiated amendments of financing terms. He also regularly counsels founders, boards of directors, and senior management teams on reporting and disclosure matters, access to capital markets, financing risk management, and corporate governance.

Mr. Lione is recognized for his expertise in financing matters by Chambers UK in Capital Markets: High-Yield Products, by IFLR1000 in Banking and Finance and in Capital Markets: Debt, and by The Legal 500 UK in High Yield. He is a frequent speaker on trends and developments in leveraged finance and has published various articles on innovative transaction templates in private equity finance.

Mr. Lione’s experience includes representing:

Corporate Clients and Private Equity Firms

  • TPG Capital in the private debt financing on its acquisition of a majority interest in Diocle Topco S.àr.l., parent of DOC Generici, a leading generic pharmaceutical company based in Milan, from ICG and Merieux Equity Partners.
  • PAI Partners and British Columbia Investment Management Corporation in connection with the financing aspects of the sale of a majority stake in Refresco, one of the world’s largest independent beverage contract manufacturers, to KKR, a leading global investment firm. As part of the transaction, PAI Partners and BCI will retain a significant minority position in Refresco.
  • WE Soda Limited, the largest natural soda ash producer in the world, in its US$1.2 billion senior secured loan refinancing transaction with a syndicate of international banks, including Bank of China, Denizbank, ENBD, Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, Yapı Kredi, and Isbank. The company used the proceeds to refinance its existing corporate-level facility, taking advantage of its strong financial performance and recent market trends to extend the maturity profile of its indebtedness and gain increased flexibility to execute on its business plan.
  • Zenith Vehicles, the largest independent provider of mobility as a service in the UK and a portfolio company of Bridgepoint Group plc, in its inaugural offering of £475 million of green bonds and a new £65 million revolving credit facility. The transaction is indicative of Zenith’s broader strategic goals in driving the take up of electric vehicles and helping to decarbonize the UK vehicle parc. Zenith intends to spend in excess of the equivalent of the gross proceeds from the bonds on eligible green projects, including battery electric vehicles across its three divisions.
  • ASDA, the third-largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom, in a £500 million offering of senior secured notes to repay an outstanding bridge facility raised by the Issa brothers and TDR Capital to acquire the company from Walmart.
  • Intermediate Capital Group in the €600 million committed loan financing for its acquisition of AMEOS, a private hospitals operator with a focus on acute general and psychiatric facilities across the DACH region (Austria, Germany, and Switzerland).
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in connection with the multi-layered, cross-border financing of EG Group’s acquisition of ASDA’s forecourt business in the UK and OMV’s forecourt business in Germany, comprising £675 million privately placed bonds, US$510 million TLB debt, and €610 million second-lien debt.
  • ASDA, the third-largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom, in a £2.75 billion offering of bonds to repay the bridging acquisition financing raised by the Issa brothers and TDR Capital to acquire the company from Walmart, representing the largest sterling corporate bond sale on record.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, on finance matters relating to its acquisition of the OMV filling station business in Germany.
  • The Issa brothers, founders and co-CEOs of EG Group, and TDR Capital LLP, a leading UK-based private equity firm, on the financing for the acquisition of Asda Group Limited, Walmart Inc.’s wholly-owned UK business, for an enterprise value of £6.8 billion, on a debt-free and cash-free basis; under the new ownership structure, the Issa brothers and TDR Capital are acquiring Asda, with equal shareholdings, with Walmart retaining a minority equity investment in the business and an ongoing commercial relationship with a seat on the board.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in the committed bank financing of its acquisition of The Herbert Group, the largest KFC franchise in the UK & Ireland.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in the €1.26 billion-equivalent bond financing of its acquisition of Cumberland Farms, one of the largest independent retailers of convenience merchandise and fuel products in the New England states, New York, and Florida.
  • CVC and its portfolio company Domestic & General, the UK’s leading appliance care specialist, in the bridge financing of the sale of a circa 30% stake in D&G to an entity ultimately wholly owned by the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) and in the refinancing of D&G’s existing capital structure with new bond issuances and revolving credit lines.
  • Intermediate Capital Group in the €470 million committed bridge loan financing and floating rate notes offering for its acquisition of leading Italian generic pharmaceutical company DOC Generici.
  • DXC Technology, the world's leading independent end-to-end IT services company, in its offering of €650 million of senior notes.
  • Schoeller Allibert, Brookfield, and Schoeller Industries in connection with their joint and several offer to purchase Schoeller Allibert’s existing Senior Secured Notes due 2021 at a price of 101% of their principal amount, following the consummation of Brookfield’s acquisition of a controlling stake in Schoeller Allibert.
  • Refresco, the world’s largest independent bottler of retailer and A-brand soft drinks, in its offering of €445 million of senior notes.
  • Domestic & General, the market-leading appliance care specialist in the UK and a portfolio company of CVC, in its offer to exchange new floating rate notes due 2020 for its outstanding floating rate notes due 2019, and in its concurrent private placement of £43.5 million of additional floating rate notes due 2020.
  • PAI Partners and British Columbia Investment Management Corporation in the €2.6 billion committed term loan and bridge loan financing of their recommended cash tender offer for the ordinary shares of Refresco, the world’s largest independent bottler of retailer and A-brand soft drinks.
  • HomeVi, a leading provider of services to elderly people in France, Spain, and China, and its new controlling shareholder, Intermediate Capital Group, in the €1,150 million syndicated loan financing supporting ICG’s leveraged buyout and the refinancing of HomeVi’s existing debt.
  • AkerBP, a Norwegian oil production and exploration company listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange, in its debut bond offering.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company Cerba HealthCare, the leading clinical pathology laboratories company is France, which holds strong market positions in Belgium, Luxembourg, and Africa in the €1.1 billion staple financing package underwritten by BNP Paribas, Crédit Agricole, Credit Suisse, J.P. Morgan, and Natixis in connection with the sale and auction of the company.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company HomeVi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for DomusVi's acquisition of Spanish nursing home business SARquavitae Servicios a la Dependencia.
  • Shandong Ruyi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for its acquisition of international apparel and accessories retail group SMCP.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company HomeVi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for DomusVi's acquisition of Spanish nursing home business Geriatros.
  • Onex Partners and its portfolio company Onex Wizard Acquisition Company in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for their acquisition of global packaging company SIG Combibloc.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company HomeVi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for their acquisition of French nursing home company DomusVi.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company Cerba European Lab in the €80 million bond financing of Cerba’s acquisition of French laboratory group JS Bio.
  • CVC Capital Partners in the £500 million bridge and bond financing of its leveraged buy-out of UK warranty provider Domestic & General.

Private Placements and Hybrid Financings

  • TPG Capital in the private debt financing on its acquisition of a majority interest in Diocle Topco S.àr.l., parent of DOC Generici, a leading generic pharmaceutical company based in Milan, from ICG and Merieux Equity Partners.
  • Goldman Sachs, BNP Paribas, Bank of America, Mizuho, Deutsche Bank, Santander, Rabobank, Intesa Sanpaolo, MUFG, National Westminster Bank, NatWest, Societe Generale, and SMBC as placement agents in connection with the private placement of £1.2 billion in aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes by Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, the fourth largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in connection with the private placement £675 million of new issue senior secured notes with a group of large institutional investors.
  • A consortium of leading institutional investors in the financing of BC Partners’ acquisition of a stake in SOFIMA, the controlling shareholder of IMA, a world leader in the design and manufacturing of automatic machines for the processing and packaging of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, tea, coffee, and foods.
  • The holding company of EG Group, the third largest convenience store operator in the world, in a preferred equity capital raise from leading institutional investors.
  • Domestic & General, the market-leading appliance care specialist in the UK and a portfolio company of CVC, in its private placement of £100 million of additional senior secured notes due 2026.
  • An investment bank in connection with its purchase of £40 million of senior secured notes privately placed by Virgin Media, a leading UK cable and telecommunications company.
  • An investment bank in connection with its purchase of £50 million of receivables financing notes privately placed by Virgin Media.
  • Investment management firms in connection with the purchase by several of their investment funds of £50 million of receivables financing notes privately placed by Virgin Media.
  • Albacore Capital in its redeemable preferred equity investment in Algeco Scotsman, a world leader in modular space and secure storage solutions controlled by TDR Capital.
  • Domestic & General, the market-leading appliance care specialist in the UK and a portfolio company of CVC, in its offer to exchange new floating rate notes due 2020 for its outstanding floating rate notes due 2019, and in its concurrent private placement of £43.5 million of additional floating rate notes due 2020.
  • BNP Paribas, Credit Suisse, ING Bank, Banca IMI, and DNB Markets in the £300 million offering of receivables financing notes by Virgin Media.
  • Credit Suisse, Banca IMI, ING, and Mediobanca in the £450 million tap offering of Virgin Media’s receivables financing notes.
  • Credit Suisse, Banca IMI, Citigroup, Deutsche Bank, and ING in the innovative off-balance sheet funding of Virgin Media’s vendor financing program through the high yield bond market for which the bond financing was awarded the High Yield Deal of the Year recognition at the IFLR European Awards 2017.
  • CPPIB Capital in its €480 million commitment of Mandatory Convertible Notes as part of TDR’s acquisition of LeasePlan Corporation, the largest vehicle leasing and fleet company in the world.

Liability Management Transactions and Restructurings

  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in connection with the separate solicitations of consents from its bondholders and lenders to defer publication and delivery of audited financial statements for fiscal year 2021.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in connection with the separate solicitations of consents from its bondholders and lenders to defer publication and delivery of audited financial statements for fiscal year 2020, due to the significant time and resources required by KPMG to complete their period of transition as new auditors and the continuing practical challenges presented by containment measures and restrictions on movement imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Deutsche Bank, JPMorgan, and Crédit Agricole CIB as dealer managers and solicitation agents in the multiple and simultaneous tender offers (structured as unmodified Dutch auctions) and consent solicitations completed by Softbank, a leading technology company, to reduce gross debt and shift its bond covenant test for making restricted payments from asset sale proceeds from a net leverage ratio test to a loan-to-value test.
  • The ad hoc group of senior secured creditors in relation to the comprehensive financial restructuring of Swissport, the world’s leading independent provider of airport ground services and air cargo handling, via a debt for equity swap of existing secured debt, the extinguishment of unsecured and junior debt, and the provision of a new €500 million debt facility to support investment in the business and the plan to accelerate growth globally.
  • The committee of senior secured bondholders in relation to a comprehensive recapitalization of New Look, a UK national fashion retailer, via the re-basing of UK leasehold obligations through a company voluntary arrangement, a debt for equity swap of existing secured debt, an extension of primary working capital facilities, and an injection of £40 million of new capital to support the business plan.
  • The committee of senior secured bondholders in relation to the balance sheet restructuring of Pizza Express, a major casual dining restaurant operator in the United Kingdom, comprising the resetting of leasehold obligations through a company voluntary arrangement, the restructuring of third party indebtedness, the recapitalisation of the business via a £144 million of committed new money financing, and the transfer of mainland China operations to an affiliate of Hony Capital.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in connection with the separate solicitations of consents from its bondholders and lenders to defer publication and delivery of audited financial statements for fiscal year 2019, due to the unprecedented practical difficulties that the COVID-19 pandemic created in its efforts to meet financial reporting deadlines.
  • Deutsche Bank, as sole dealer manager, in connection with multiple concurrent cash tender offers made by Softbank, a leading technology company, for several of its existing senior notes pursuant to an unmodified Dutch auction process.
  • Savannah Petroleum, an independent UK oil and gas company, in relation to the restructuring of the Seven Energy Group and its related acquisition of oil and gas assets in Nigeria.
  • The committee of senior secured bondholders in relation to the restructuring of the c. £1.35 billion debt capital structure of New Look, a UK national fashion retailer, via the injection of interim financing, public debt exchange, debt-for-equity swap, and new high yield bond issuance.
  • A group of bondholders led by CQS and HIG in negotiating a number of changes to the indenture governing Global Ship Lease’s 9.875% First Priority Secured Notes due 2022, designed to secure better protection of creditor rights following the company’s announcement of an all-stock merger transaction with Poseidon Containers.
  • Schoeller Allibert, Brookfield, and Schoeller Industries in connection with their joint and several offer to purchase Schoeller Allibert’s existing Senior Secured Notes due 2021 at a price of 101% of their principal amount, following the consummation of Brookfield’s acquisition of a controlling stake in Schoeller Allibert.
  • Deutsche Bank, Merrill Lynch International, and Morgan Stanley as dealer managers and solicitation agents in connection with the offer to exchange existing senior notes due 2022, 2025, and 2027 for new senior notes due 2028 (and the concurrent consent solicitation) by Softbank, a leading global technology company.
  • Domestic & General, the market-leading appliance care specialist in the UK and a portfolio company of CVC, in its offer to exchange new floating rate notes due 2020 for its outstanding floating rate notes due 2019, and in its concurrent private placement of £43.5 million of additional floating rate notes due 2020.
  • Credit Suisse as dealer manager in connection with Virgin Media’s offer to exchange its 2021 senior secured notes par-for-par for new sterling-denominated 2025 notes and the related solicitation of consents from holders of the 2021 notes aimed at aligning the covenants of the existing indenture with those of senior secured notes more recently issued by the company.
  • Cerba European Lab, the leading clinical pathology laboratories company is France, in connection with its solicitation of consents from its bondholders to facilitate a corporate reorganization.

Mr. Lione has broad finance experience spanning numerous industries. Notable transactions include representing:

Telecommunications and Media

  • Deutsche Bank, Barclays, HSBC, Merrill Lynch, J.P. Morgan, Nomura, Mizuho, Crédit Agricole, Goldman Sachs, Citigroup, ING, BNP Paribas, Daiwa, Natixis, SMBC, UBS, ICBC, and Société Générale in the offering of US$3.85 billion of dollar-denominated senior notes and €2.95 billion of euro-denominated senior notes by Softbank, a leading global technology company. The financing was the second largest offshore bond offering by a Japanese issuer in 2021.
  • Citigroup, Credit Suisse, Crédit Agricole, and RBC in the off-balance sheet funding of Ziggo’s vendor financing program through the high yield bond market.
  • Bank of America, Credit Suisse, HSBC, Barclays, Rabobank, ING, Morgan Stanley, and Société Générale in the offering of €425 million and $500 million of senior secured notes of Dutch cable and mobile telecommunications company Ziggo.
  • Citigroup, BNP Paribas, BofA Merrill Lynch, Credit Suisse, and HSBC in the US$600 million tap offering of senior secured notes by Virgin Media.
  • Citigroup, Rabobank, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, ING, and Merrill Lynch in the offering of €550 million senior notes of Dutch cable and mobile telecommunications company Ziggo.
  • Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, Barclays, BNP Paribas, Merrill Lynch, Citigroup, HSBC, Morgan Stanley, and Scotiabank in the US$825 million and £300 million senior secured notes offering of Virgin Media.
  • Deutsche Bank in the offering of £40 million of senior secured notes by Perform Group, a global leader in the commercialization of multimedia sports content.
  • Deutsche Bank, Morgan Stanley, Merrill Lynch International, Daiwa Capital Markets, Mizuho Securities, Nomura, and SMBC Nikko in the offering of €1.45 billion and US$750 million of senior notes by Softbank, a leading global technology company.
  • Deutsche Bank, BNP Paribas, Rabobank, Credit Suisse, Goldman Sachs International, J.P. Morgan, RBC Capital Markets, Scotia Capital, and Société Générale in the US$1 billion senior secured notes offering of Belgian cable company Telenet.
  • Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas, Rabobank, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs International, J.P. Morgan, BofA Merrill Lynch, RBC Capital Markets, and Société Générale in the €600 million senior secured notes offering of Belgian cable company Telenet.
  • Citigroup, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, HSBC, J.P. Morgan, Scotiabank, and Société Générale in the US$550 million senior notes offering of European cable company UPC.
  • Deutsche Bank, Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Mizuho, Credit Agricole, BofA Merrill Lynch, J.P. Morgan, UBS, Barclays, BNP Paribas, SMBC Nikko, NOMURA, Credit Suisse, Daiwa Capital, and ING in the offering of US$3.35 billion and €2.25 billion of senior notes by Softbank, a leading global technology company.
  • Goldman Sachs, Barclays, BNP Paribas, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, and Scotia Bank in the US$700 million high yield bond offering of Cable & Wireless, a leading telecommunications company in the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Seychelles.
  • Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas, Goldman Sachs International, ING Bank N.V., and Société Générale in the €600 million secured notes offering of European cable company UPC.
  • Credit Suisse, ABN AMRO, Crédit Agricole CIB, HSBC, Mediobanca, Morgan Stanley, NatWest Markets, Nomura, Société Générale, and UBS Investment Bank in the €635 million unsecured notes offering of European cable company UPC.
  • Deutsche Bank, Banca IMI, Barclays, Citigroup, Credit Suisse, HSBC, Mediobanca, NatWest, Nomura, RBC, and UBS in the £675 million bond offering of Virgin Media.
  • Credit Suisse, ABN AMRO, Barclays, BNP Paribas, Rabobank, Crédit Agricole, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs International, HSBC, ING, J.P. Morgan, Mediobanca, Merrill Lynch International, Nomura, and Scotiabank in the €3,145 million equivalent bond offering of Dutch cable and telecommunications company Ziggo, supporting its proposed joint venture with Dutch mobile telecommunications company Vodafone Libertel.
  • J.P. Morgan, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, BNP Paribas, Barclays, Crédit Agricole, HSBC, and Mediobanca in the US$750 million bond offering of UK Virgin Media.
  • The underwriting banks in the committed bridge financing for Liberty Global’s acquisition of Latin American telecommunications company Cable & Wireless Communications.
  • Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs International, Mizuho Securities, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Crédit Agricole, NOMURA, SMBC Nikko, UBS, Daiwa Capital Markets, and Citigroup in the US$4.5 billion bond offering of Softbank, one of Japan's leading mobile communications companies, which was, as of the date of the transaction's completion, one of the largest high yield bond offerings out of Asia on record.
  • Goldman Sachs, J.P. Morgan, RBC Capital Markets, and Société Générale in the €530 million bond offering of Belgian cable company Telenet.
  • Credit Suisse, Crédit Agricole, and Nomura in the US$340 million bond offering of European cable company UPC Holding.
  • J.P. Morgan, Credit Suisse, ING, Morgan Stanley, Nomura, and Scotiabank in the US$800 million bond offering of European cable company UPC Holding.
  • J.P. Morgan, Credit Suisse, ING, Morgan Stanley, Nomura, and Scotiabank in the €600 million bond offering of European cable company UPC Holding.
  • Goldman Sachs International, Barclays, BNP PARIBAS, and Deutsche Bank in the US$500 million bond offering of Virgin Media.
  • Deutsche Bank, Barclays, BNP PARIBAS, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Citigroup, Goldman Sachs International, HSBC, and Société Générale in the £846 million (equivalent) bond offering of Virgin Media.
  • Credit Suisse, Citigroup, J.P. Morgan, The Royal Bank of Scotland, and UBS in the €700 million bond offering of German cable and telecommunications company Unitymedia KabelBW.
  • Credit Suisse, J.P. Morgan, and The Royal Bank of Scotland in the €500 million bond offering of German cable and telecommunications company Unitymedia KabelBW.
  • Goldman Sachs, HSBC, and Morgan Stanley in connection with a US$570 million bridge loan, as well as US$1.1 billion high yield bonds and US$80 million super-senior revolving facility, provided to the Altice Group to finance the acquisition of the remaining 31% stake in HOT Telecommunications not already owned by Altice and to refinance existing debt.
  • DXC Technology, the world's leading independent end-to-end IT services company, in its offering of €650 million of senior notes.

Healthcare and Pharmaceutical Companies

  • TPG Capital in the private debt financing on its acquisition of a majority interest in Diocle Topco S.àr.l., parent of DOC Generici, a leading generic pharmaceutical company based in Milan, from ICG and Merieux Equity Partners.
  • Intermediate Capital Group in the €600 million committed loan financing for its acquisition of AMEOS, a private hospitals operator with a focus on acute general and psychiatric facilities across the DACH region (Austria, Germany, and Switzerland).
  • Intermediate Capital Group in the €470 million committed bridge loan financing and floating rate notes offering for its acquisition of leading Italian generic pharmaceutical company DOC Generici.
  • HomeVi, a leading provider of services to elderly people in France, Spain, and China, and its new controlling shareholder, Intermediate Capital Group, in the €1,150 million syndicated loan financing supporting ICG’s leveraged buyout and the refinancing of HomeVi’s existing debt.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company HomeVi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for DomusVi's acquisition of Spanish nursing home business SARquavitae Servicios a la Dependencia.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company Cerba HealthCare, the leading clinical pathology laboratories company is France, which holds strong market positions in Belgium, Luxembourg, and Africa, in the €1.1 billion staple financing package underwritten by BNP Paribas, Crédit Agricole, Credit Suisse, J.P. Morgan, and Natixis in connection with the sale and auction of the company.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company HomeVi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for DomusVi's acquisition of Spanish nursing home business Geriatros.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company HomeVi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for their acquisition of French nursing home company DomusVi.
  • PAI Partners and its portfolio company Cerba European Lab in the €80 million bond financing of Cerba’s acquisition of French laboratory group JS Bio.
  • J.P. Morgan, Banca IMI, and Mediobanca in the €400 million bond offering by Italian pharmaceutical company Rottapharm.
  • Goldman Sachs International and another leading financial institution as global coordinators in connection with bridge, bank, and bond LBO financing for the acquisition of Four Seasons Health Care by Terra Firma.

Financial Institutions and Insurance

  • Domestic & General, the market-leading appliance care specialist in the UK and a portfolio company of CVC, in its private placement of £100 million of additional senior secured notes due 2026.
  • CVC and its portfolio company Domestic & General, the UK’s leading appliance care specialist, in the bridge financing of the sale of a circa 30% stake in D&G to an entity ultimately whollyowned by the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) and in the refinancing of D&G’s existing capital structure with new bond issuances and revolving credit lines.
  • Domestic & General, the market-leading appliance care specialist in the UK and a portfolio company of CVC, in its offer to exchange new floating rate notes due 2020 for its outstanding floating rate notes due 2019, and in its concurrent private placement of £43.5 million of additional floating rate notes due 2020.
  • Deutsche Bank, Nordea, DNB Markets, Mizuho Securities, Nykredit Bank, and SEB in the debut post-initial public offering bond offering of Nets A/S, a leading provider of digital payment services and related technology solutions across the Nordic region.
  • Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, UBS, Banca IMI, J.P. Morgan, and Goldman Sachs International in the €600 million offering of senior secured PIK Toggle Notes of ICBPI, the largest diversified payments company in Italy.
  • CPPIB Capital in its €480 million commitment of Mandatory Convertible Notes as part of TDR’s acquisition of LeasePlan Corporation, the largest vehicle leasing and fleet company in the world.
  • CVC Capital Partners in the £500 million bridge and bond financing of its leveraged buy-out of UK warranty provider Domestic & General.

Industrials and Manufacturing

  • Refresco, the world’s largest independent bottler of retailer and A-brand soft drinks, in its offering of €445 million of senior notes.
  • PAI Partners and British Columbia Investment Management Corporation in the €2.6 billion committed term loan and bridge loan financing of their recommended cash tender offer for the ordinary shares of Refresco, the world’s largest independent bottler of retailer and A-brand soft drinks.
  • Albacore Capital in its redeemable preferred equity investment in Algeco Scotsman, a world leader in modular space and secure storage solutions controlled by TDR Capital.
  • Onex Partners and its portfolio company Onex Wizard Acquisition Company in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for their acquisition of global packaging company SIG Combibloc.
  • Deutsche Bank, HSBC, and another leading financial institution in the €342 million bond refinancing of UK specialty films and polymer substrates manufacturer Innovia.

Natural Resources

  • WE Soda Limited, the largest natural soda ash producer in the world, in its US$1.2 billion senior secured loan refinancing transaction with a syndicate of international banks, including Bank of China, Denizbank, ENBD, Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, Yapı Kredi, and Isbank. The company used the proceeds to refinance its existing corporate-level facility, taking advantage of its strong financial performance and recent market trends to extend the maturity profile of its indebtedness and gain increased flexibility to execute on its business plan.
  • AkerBP, a Norwegian oil production and exploration company listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange, in its debut bond offering.
  • Goldman Sachs, CaixaBank, PNC Capital Markets, Santander, and B. Riley & Co in the debut issuance of high yield bonds by Ferroglobe, one of the world’s largest producers of silicon metal, silicon-based alloys, and manganese-based alloys.

Services and Retail

  • Goldman Sachs, BNP Paribas, Bank of America, Mizuho, Deutsche Bank, Santander, Rabobank, Intesa Sanpaolo, MUFG, National Westminster Bank, NatWest, Societe Generale, and SMBC in the offering of €545 million in aggregate principal amount of Senior Secured Notes by Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, the fourth largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom.
  • Goldman Sachs, BNP Paribas, Bank of America, Mizuho, Deutsche Bank, Santander, Rabobank, Intesa Sanpaolo, MUFG, National Westminster Bank, NatWest, Societe Generale, and SMBC in the offering of £1,144 million in aggregate principal amount of Senior Secured Notes by Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, the fourth largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom.
  • Goldman Sachs, BNP Paribas, Bank of America, Mizuho, Deutsche Bank, Santander, Rabobank, Intesa Sanpaolo, MUFG, National Westminster Bank, NatWest, Societe Generale, and SMBC as placement agents in connection with the private placement of £1.2 billion in aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes by Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, the fourth largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom.
  • Zenith Vehicles, the largest independent provider of mobility as a service in the U.K. and a portfolio company of Bridgepoint Group plc, in its inaugural offering of £475 million of green bonds and a new £65 million revolving credit facility. The transaction is indicative of Zenith’s broader strategic goals in driving the take up of electric vehicles and helping to decarbonise the U.K. vehicle parc. Zenith intends to spend in excess of the equivalent of the gross proceeds from the bonds on eligible green projects, including battery electric vehicles across its three divisions.
  • Goldman Sachs, BNP Paribas, Bank of America, Mizuho, Deutsche Bank, Santander, Rabobank, Intesa Sanpaolo, MUFG, National Westminster Bank, NatWest, Societe Generale, and SMBC on the financing of the public-to-private acquisition of Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, the fourth largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom, by Clayton, Dubilier & Rice, a global private equity manager, for an enterprise value of £9.7 billion.
  • ASDA, the third-largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom, in a £500 million offering of senior secured notes to repay an outstanding bridge facility raised by the Issa brothers and TDR Capital to acquire the company from Walmart.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in connection with the multi-layered, cross-border financing of EG Group’s acquisition of ASDA’s forecourt business in the UK and OMV’s forecourt business in Germany, comprising £675 million privately placed bonds, US$510 million TLB debt, and €610 million second-lien debt.
  • ASDA, the third-largest grocery retailer in the United Kingdom, in a £2.75 billion offering of bonds to repay the bridging acquisition financing raised by the Issa brothers and TDR Capital to acquire the company from Walmart, representing the largest sterling corporate bond sale on record.
  • HSBC in a £250 million senior secured bond refinancing of Iceland, a leading frozen food and grocery retailer in the UK.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, on finance matters relating to its acquisition of the OMV filling station business in Germany.
  • The Issa brothers, founders and co-CEOs of EG Group, and TDR Capital LLP, a leading UK-based private equity firm, on the financing for the acquisition of Asda Group Limited (Asda), Walmart Inc.’s (Walmart) wholly-owned UK business, for an enterprise value of £6.8 billion, on a debt-free and cash-free basis. Under the new ownership structure, the Issa brothers and TDR Capital are acquiring Asda, with equal shareholdings, with Walmart retaining a minority equity investment in the business and an ongoing commercial relationship with a seat on the board.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in the committed bank financing of its acquisition of The Herbert Group, the largest KFC franchise in the UK & Ireland.
  • EG Group, the third largest independent convenience store operator in the world, in the €-equivalent 1,260 million bond financing of its acquisition of Cumberland Farms, one of the largest independent retailers of convenience merchandise and fuel products in the New England states, New York, and Florida.
  • HSBC and Goldman Sachs in the £550 million senior secured bond refinancing of Iceland, a leading frozen food and grocery retailer in the UK.
  • Shandong Ruyi in connection with the bridge, bank, and bond financing for its acquisition of international apparel and accessories retail group SMCP.
  • Deutsche Bank, Morgan Stanley, Nordea, and Handelsbanken in the SEK3,225 million bank and bond refinancing of Swedish installation services company Bravida.
  • BNP Paribas, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs International, and J.P. Morgan in the €450 million bond refinancing of French textile and hygiene services company Elis.

Bar Qualification

  • England and Wales (Solicitor)
  • Italy (Avvocato di Cassazione)
  • Italy (Avvocato)
  • New York

Education

  • LL.M., Columbia University School of Law, 2005
    Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar
  • Advanced Diploma in Law and Economics, Sapienza - Università di Roma, 2004
    cum laude
  • JD, Sapienza - Università di Roma, 2001
    cum laude

Languages Spoken

  • English
  • Italian