The Book of Jargon®International Arbitration

An interactive glossary of acronyms, slang, and industry terminology.

The Book of Jargon® – International Arbitration is one in a series of practice area and industry-specific glossaries published by Latham & Watkins.

The definitions provide an introduction to each term and may raise complex legal issues on which specific legal advice is required. The terms are also subject to change as applicable laws and customary practice evolve.

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AAA,AAA Rules,AAA/ABA Code of Ethics for Arbitrators in Commercial Disputes,ABA,Abandonment,Abeyance,Abs-Shawcross Draft Convention,Abu Dhabi Commercial Conciliation and Arbitration Centre (ADCCAC),Abuse of Power,Abuse of Process,Abuse of Rights,Accession (to a Treaty),ACICA,ACICA Rules,Action en Inopposabilité,Ad Hoc Arbitration,Ad Hoc Committee,Additional Award,Additional Party,Adjudicability,Adjudication,Administered Arbitration,Administration of Justice,Administrative Conference,Administrative Fees,Administrative Secretary,Admissibility,Admissibility of Evidence,Admission,Admission Clauses,Admission of Evidence,Admission Requirements,Adoption (of a Treaty),ADR,ADR Chambers Canada,ADR Institute of Canada,Advance on Costs,Adverse Inference,Adverse Witness,AFA,AFA Rules,Affirmation,AFTA,Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (ASEAN),Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (ASEAN) plus 3,Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures,Agreement to Abandon,Agreement to Arbitrate,Algiers Declarations,Algiers General Declaration,Allocation of Costs,Alter Ego,Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR),Alternative Fee Arrangement,American Arbitration Association (AAA),American Bar Association (ABA),American Convention on Human Rights (also known as the Pact of San José, Costa Rica),American Society of International Law (ASIL),Amiable Compositeur,Amicable Dispute Resolution (ADR),Amici Curiae / Amicus Curiae,A-National Arbitration,Ancillary Claim,Annulment / Annulment of Award,Annulment Committee,Answer to Request for Arbitration,Antecedent Bias,Anti-Arbitration Injunction,Anti-Arbitration Order,Anti-Suit Injunction,Anton Piller Order,Appeal,Appellate Body,Applicable Law,Application Lists,Appointing Authority,Appointment of Arbitrators / Appointment Procedure,Apportionment of Costs,Arab Investment Agreement,Arab Investment Court,Arab Union,Arbitrability,Arbitral,Arbitral Award,Arbitral Decision,Arbitral Institution,Arbitral Tribunal,Arbitration,Arbitration Agreement,Arbitration and Conciliation Center of the Chamber of Commerce of Arequipa,Arbitration and Conciliation Center of the Chamber of Commerce of Guatemala (CENAC),Arbitration and Dispute Resolution Institute of the Oslo Chamber of Commerce,Arbitration and Mediation Center of Bogotá (Centro de Arbitraje y Conciliación de la Cámara de Comercio de Bogotá),Arbitration and Mediation Center of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Benin,Arbitration and Mediation Center of the Chilean-American Chamber of Commerce,Arbitration and Mediation Center of the Parana Chamber of Commerce (ARBITAC),Arbitration and Mediation Centre of Paris (CMAP),Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce of Caracas (CACC),Arbitration Centre of the Institute for the Development of Commercial Law and Practice (ICLP),Arbitration Centre of the Peruvian American Chamber of Commerce (AMCHAM),Arbitration Chamber of Minas Gerais (CAMARB),Arbitration Court at the Economic Chamber of the Czech Republic,Arbitration Foundation of Southern Africa (AFSA),Arbitration Institute of the Central Chamber of Commerce of Finland,Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce,Arbitration Register,Arbitration Rules,Arbitrator,Arbitrator Fees,Arbitrator Misconduct,Argument,ASEAN,ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA),ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (AANZFTA),Asia Pacific Regional Arbitration Group (APRAG),ASIL,Assignment of Arbitration Agreement,Association Française d’Arbitrage (AFA),Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN),Asymmetric Arbitration Agreement,Attachment,Attorney-Client Privilege,Attorneys’ Fees,Audi Alteram Partem,Australian Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (ACICA),Australian Disputes Centre (ADC),Authentic Text (of a treaty),Authentication,Autonomy,Award,Bad Faith,Bahrain Chamber for Dispute Resolution (BCDR),Bangladesh Council for Arbitration (BCA) of the Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FBCCI),Barcelona Arbitration Court (TAB),Baseball Arbitration,Beijing Arbitration Commission (BJAC),Belgian Centre for Arbitration and Mediation (CEPANI),Bet the Company Case,Bias,Bifurcated Proceeding,Bifurcation,Bilateral Free Trade Agreement,Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT),Binding Award,BIT,BJAC,BJAC Rules,Black Letter Lawyer,Bona fides,British Colombia International Arbitration Centre (BCIAC),British Columbia International Commercial Arbitration Centre (BCICAC),Brussels Convention,Brussels Regulation,Burden of Proof,CAFTA,Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (CRCICA),Cairo Rules,Calderbank Offer,Calvo Clause,Calvo Doctrine,Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA),Canadian Commercial Arbitration Center (CCAC),Capacity (legal),Caribbean Community (CARICOM),CAS,Case Law,Case Management Conference,Cautio Judicatum Solvi,CCJA,CCJA Rules,Center for Arbitration, Conciliation and Mediation (CACM),Center for Public Resources (CPR),Center of Mediation and Arbitration (CMEA),Center of National and International Conciliation and Arbitration of the Lima Chamber of Commerce,Central America-Mexico Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA),Centre Européen d’Arbitrage (European Centre of Arbitration) (CEA),Centre for Commercial Arbitration of the Portuguese Chamber of Commerce and Industry,Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution (CEDR),Centro Boliviano de Arbitraje y Conciliacion (CEBAC),Centro de Arbitraje de México (CAM),Centro de Arbitraje de México Rules,CETA,Chair,Challenge to Arbitrators,Challenge to Award,Chamber of National and International Arbitration Milan (CAM),Chapter 11 Tribunals,Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States,Charter on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations,Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb),Chicago International Dispute Resolution Association (CIDRA),China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC),China Maritime Arbitration Commission (CMAC),China-Japan-Korean Trilateral Investment Agreement,Chinese Arbitration Association, Taipei (CAA),Chinese European Arbitration Centre (CEAC),Choice of Forum,Choice of Law,Choice of Law Clause,Chorzów Factory Principle,CICA,CICA Rules,CIETAC,CIETAC Rules,CIS,CIS Investor Rights Convention,CJEU,Claim Preclusion,Claimant,Claims Commission,Class Action Arbitration / Class Arbitration,Clean Hands Doctrine,Closure of Proceedings,CoE,Collateral Estoppel,Coming Into Force,Commercial Arbitration,Commercial Arbitration Centre for the States of the Co-operation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf,Commercial Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce, Services and Industry of Santa Cruz (CAINCO),Commercial Lawyer,Commercial Mediation and Arbitration Center at the Argentine Chamber of Commerce (CEMARC),Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA),Common Court of Justice and Arbitration (CCJA),Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA),Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS),Comparative Public Law,Compensation,Compensatory Damages,Competence-Competence,Composite Act,Compound Interest,Comprehensive Investment Agreement (ASEAN),Concession Agreements,Concession Contracts,Conciliation,Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Argentinian Brazilian Chamber of Commerce of Sao Paulo,Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Tegucigalpa,Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce of Cochabamba,Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce of Costa Rica (CICA),Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce of Uruguay (International Court for MERCOSUR),Conciliation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture of Panama,Conciliation and National and International Arbitration of the Chamber of Commerce and Production of Piura,Conciliation Service at the Chamber of Commerce and Production of Santiago,Conciliation, Arbitration and Amicable Composition Centre of the Chamber of Commerce of Medellín,Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration Commission (CMAC),Concurrent Expert Evidence,Concurrent Hearings,Concurring Opinion,Condition Precedent to Arbitration,Confidentiality,Conflict of Interest,Conflict of Jurisdiction,Conflict of Laws,Conflict of Laws Rules,Consecutive Submissions,Consent,Consent Award,Consent to Arbitration,Conservatory Measure,Consolidation,Consolidation Tribunal,Constitution of Arbitral Tribunal,Contingent Forms of Protection,Continuing Breach,Continuing-Effects Clause,Continuous Nationality,Contract Claims,Contracting State,Convention,Convention on The Recognition And Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York Convention),Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters (Hague Service Convention),Convention on The Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington Convention) (ICSID Convention),Convertible Currencies,Cooling Off Period,Corporate Liability,Correction of Award,Corruption,Costs Award,Costs of the Arbitration,Costs Sanction,Costs Submission,Council of Europe (CoE),Counterclaim,Counter-Memorial,Court Assistance,Court of Arbitration at the Zurich Chamber of Commerce,Court of Arbitration Attached to the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry,Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS),Court of Arbitration of the Polish Chamber of Commerce – “Sąd Arbitrażowyprzy KrajowejIzbie Gospodarczej” (SAKIG),Court of Arbitration to the Confederation of Employers and Industrialists in Bulgaria (KRIB),Court of International Commercial Arbitration Attached to the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania (CICA),Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU),Covered Investment,CPR,CRCICA,Creeping Expropriation,Cross-Examination,Crystallization (of a Cause of Action, Claim or Dispute),Cultural Norms,Curial Law,Customary International Law,Damages,Danish Institute of Arbitration,Declaration,Declaratory Relief,Default,Default Award,Default Judgment,Default Proceedings,Defence,Defence to Counterclaim,Deliberation,Delocalization,Demand for Arbitration,Denial of Benefits Clause,Denial of Justice,Denunciation,Dépeçage,Deposit,Deposition,Designation of Arbitrator,Devil’s Advocate,DIAC,DIAC Rules,Diplomatic Immunity,Diplomatic Protection,Direct Control,Direct Damages,Direct Examination,Direct Expropriation,DIS,DIS Rules,Disbursements,Disclosure of Documents,Discontinuance,Discounted Cash Flow,Discovery,Dispositive Motions,Dispute,Dispute Resolution Clause,Disqualification Procedure,Dissenting Opinion,Document Production,Documents-Only Arbitration,Doha Round,Domestic Arbitration,Domestic Award,Domicile,Dominican Republic — Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA),Double Exequatur,Double Recovery,Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts,Dubai International Arbitration Centre (DIAC),Dublin International Arbitration Centre,Due Diligence,Due Process,Duress,ECHR (Court And Convention Article 1, Protocol 1),ECJ,Economic Integration Agreement,Economy and Efficiency,ECT,ECtHR,EEA,EEX Treaty,Effet Utile,EFTA,Ejusdem Generis Rule,Electa una via,Electronic Information System for International Law (EISIL),Emergency Arbitrator,Emirates Maritime Arbitration Centre (EMAC),Energy Charter Conference,Energy Charter Secretariat,Energy Charter Treaty (ECT),Enforceability,Enforcement,English Arbitration Act of 1996,Entry Into Force,Entry-of-Judgment Clause,Equal Treatment,Equality of Arms,Equality of Parties,Equity Clauses,Error of Fact,Error of Law,Escalation Clause,Essential Security,EU,European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR),European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration,European Convention on State Immunity,European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR),European Court of Justice (ECJ),European Economic Area (EEA),European Free Trade Association (EFTA),European Union (EU),EVEX Convention,Evidentiary Hearing,Ex Aequo et Bono,Ex Officio,Ex Parte Application,Ex Parte Communications,Ex Parte Orders,Exceptions (to Treaty Obligations),Exchange of Letters / Notes,Exclusion Agreement,Exclusion of Liability,Exclusive Jurisdiction Clause,Execution,Exemplary Damages,Exequatur,Exhaustion of Domestic (or Local) Remedies,Exhibit,Expedited Procedure,Expert,Expert Determination,Expert Determination Clause,Expert Hot-Tubbing,Expert Report,Expropriation,Extension of Time,Extinctive / Equitable Prescription,Extra Petita,FAA,Fair And Equitable Treatment (FET),Fair Market Value,Fast-Track Arbitration,FDI,Federal Arbitration Act (FAA),FET,Final Award,Finality (of Award or Arbitration),First Session,Fiscal Sovereignty,Floating Arbitration,Force Majeure,Foreign Award,Foreign Direct Investment (FDI),Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA),Foreign Investment Risk,Foreign Judgments (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act of 1933,Foreign Sovereigns Immunities Act of 1976,Foreign Trade Court of Arbitration at the Serbian Chamber of Commerce,Fork In The Road Provision,Forum Non Conveniens,Forum Selection Clause,Forum Shopping,Framework Agreement,Framework Agreement on The ASEAN Investment Area,Frankfurt International Arbitration Centre (FIAC),Fraud,Free Trade Agreement (FTA),Free Trade Commission,Free Transfer Provision,Frustration,FTA,FTC,Full Protection and Security,Full Protection and Security Clause,Functional Jurisdiction,Functus Officio,Gambit,GATS,GATT,GCC,General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT),General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS),General Arbitration Tribunal of the Buenos Aires Stock Exchange (BCBA),General Principles of Law,General Principles of Public International Law,General Standards,Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards,Georgian International Arbitration Centre (GIAC),German Institution of Arbitration (DIS),Ghana Arbitration Centre (GAC),GICAM Arbitration Centre,Good Faith,Good Faith Principle,Governing Law,Green List,Gun Boat Diplomacy,Hague Service Convention,Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements,Hearing,Hellenic Mediation and Arbitration Centre,High/Low Arbitration,HKIAC,HKIAC Rules,Home State (of the Investor),Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC),Honourable Engagement,Host State,Host State Obligations,Hot-Tubbing,Hull Formula,IBA,IBA Arbitration Committee,IBA Ethics,IBA Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest,IBA Guidelines on Party Representation,IBA Rules of Ethics for International Arbitrators,IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence,IBRD,ICA,ICC,ICC Council (or ICC World Council),ICC Court,ICC Rules,ICDR,ICJ,ICSID,ICSID Additional Facility Rules,ICSID Administrative and Financial Regulations,ICSID Administrative Council,ICSID Arbitration Rules,ICSID Arbitrations,ICSID Conciliation Rules,ICSID Convention,ICSID Institution Rules,ICSID Panel of Arbitrators and Conciliators,ICSID Secretariat,ILC,ILC Draft Articles on State Responsibility,Illegality,Immunity,Immunity of Arbitrator,Impartial,Imputed Bias,Inarbitrability,Indian Council of Arbitration (ICA),Indian Institute of Arbitration and Mediation (IIAM),Indirect Control,Indirect Expropriation,Infra Petita,Injudicious Remarks,Injunction,Injunctive Relief,Institut de Droit International,Institutional Arbitration,Institutional Rules,Inter-American Commercial Arbitration Commission (IACAC),Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration (Panama Convention),Interim Award,Interim Measure,Interim Relief,Interlocutory Award,International Arbitral Centre of the Austrian Federal Economic Charter (VIAC),International Arbitration,International Arbitration Chamber of Paris,International Arbitration Court of the Juridical Centre (IUS),International Arbitration Institute (IAI),International Arbitration Norms,International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD),International Bar Association (IBA),International Centre for Dispute Resolution (ICDR),International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID),International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) Additional Facility,International Chamber of Commerce (ICC),International Commercial Arbitration Court (ICAC) at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation,International Commercial Arbitration Court at the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry,International Commercial Arbitration Court of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Moldova,International Commercial Court for Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration (ICCMCA),International Court of Arbitration in Affiliation with the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Kyrgyz Republic,International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC Court),International Court of Justice (ICJ),International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution (CPR),International Investment Law,International Law Association (ILA),International Law Commission (ILC),International Law Commission’s Articles of State Responsibility,International Law Commission’s Draft Articles of Diplomatic Protection,International Minimum Standard,International Public Policy Association (IPPA),International Standard Annulments,Interpleader,Interpretative Declaration,Intervention by Third Parties,Intra-EU BIT,Invalidation,Investment Area Council (ASEAN),Investment Law,Investment Treaty,Investment Treaty Arbitration (ITA),Investor Obligations,Investor-State Arbitration,Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS),Iran-United States Claims Tribunal,ISDS,Israeli Institute of Commercial Arbitration (IICA),Issue Preclusion,Istanbul Chamber of Commerce Arbitration Centre (ITOTAM),ITA,Italian Association for Arbitration,JAMS – The Resolution Experts (JAMS),Japan Commercial Arbitration Centre (JCCA),JCCA,Jerusalem Arbitration Center (JAC),Joinder,Judge-Arbitrator,Jura Novit Curia,Juridical Person,Juridical Seat,Jurisdiction,Jurisdictional Award,Jurisdiction Ratione Materiae,Jurisdiction Ratione Personae,Jurisdiction Ratione Temporis,Jurisdiction Ratione Voluntatis,Jurisdictional Nexus,Jurisprudence Constante,Jus Cogens,Kigali International Arbitration Centre (KIAC),KLRCA,Kompetenz-Kompetenz,Korean Commercial Arbitration Board (KCAB),Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (KLRCA),Lagos International Commercial Arbitration Centre,Lagos Rules,Language(s) of the Arbitration,LCIA,LCIA Arbitration Rules,LCIA Court,Lebanese Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Agriculture of Beirut and Mount Lebanon (CCIABML),Legal Adviser,Legal Certainty,Legal Personality,Legitimate Expectations,Lex Arbitri,Lex Contractus,Lex Feranda,Lex Fori,Lex Fori Regit Processum,Lex Lata,Lex Loci Arbitri,Lex Loci Contractus,Lex Mercatoria,Lex Societatis,Lex Specialis,Liquidation Value,Lis Pendens,List Procedure,Local Remedies,Local Remedies Rule,Local Standard Annulments,Localization,Locus standi,London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA),London Maritime Arbitrators Association (LMAA),Look-Sniff Arbitrations,Loser Pays Principle,Loss of Right to Object,Lugano Convention,Madrid Court of Arbitration,Malta Arbitration Centre,Mandatory Requirements,Margin of Appreciation,Maritime Arbitral Chamber of Paris,Maritime Arbitrators Association of Nigeria (MANN),Mediation,Mediation and Arbitration Center of the Chamber of Commerce, Services and Tourism of the City of Mexico (CANACO),Mediation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador,Mediation and Arbitration Centre of the Chamber of Commerce of Nicaragua,Memorandum of Understanding (MOU),Memorial,Merits,MFN,Minimum Standards of Treatment (NAFTA),Minimum Treatment Standard,MIT,Mixed Arbitration,Mixed Claims Commission,Model Arbitration Clause,Model Law,Moral Damages,Moscow Convention on the Protection of the Rights of the Investor,Most-Favored Nation Treatment (MFN),Most-Favored-Nation Clause,Multi-Contract Arbitration,Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI),Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA),Multilateral Investment Treaty (MIT),Multilocalization,Multi-Party Arbitration,Multi-Tiered Dispute Resolution Clause,NAFTA,NAFTA, Chapter 11,National and International Arbitration Chamber of Venice,National Commercial Arbitration Centre (NCAC),National Court,National Justice,National Law,National Roster of Arbitrators and Mediators,National Treatment (NT),National Treatment Standard,Nationalization,Nationalized Property,Necessity,“Negative” Choice of Law Clause,Netherlands Arbitration Institute (NAI),Neutral Law,New International Economic Order (NIEO),New York Convention,Niben Arbitration and Mediation Center (NIBEN),Nomination of Arbitrator,Non Liquet,Non-Arbitrability,Non-Disputing Party Participation,Non-Impairment Clause,Non-Mandatory Requirements,Non-Precluded Measures Clause,Non-Recognition of Arbitral Award,Non-Signatory,Non-Waivable Red List,Nordic Arbitration Centre – Iceland Chamber of Commerce,North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA),Notice of Arbitration,Notice of Dispute,OAS,Oath,Objection,Obligation de Moyens,Obligation de Résultat,Observer Status,OECD,OHADA,OIC,OIC Treaty,Opening Statement,Optional Protocol,Option to Arbitrate,Orange List,Ordre Public International,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD),Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC),Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA),Organization of American States (OAS),Outside Influence,Pacta Sunt Servanda,Pacta Tertiis Nec Nocent Nec Prosunt,Panama Convention,Parallel Proceedings,Partial Award,Partiality,Party Autonomy,Party Representatives,Party-Appointed Experts,Pathological Arbitration Clause,PCA,PCA Optional Conciliation Rules,PCA Rules,PCIJ,Per Diem Allowance,Peremptory Order,Performance Requirements,Permanent Arbitration Court at the Croatian Chamber of Commerce,Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA),Permanent Court of Arbitration “Dispute Resolution Centre” (DRC),Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI),Permanent Court of Arbitration Attached to the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia,Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ),Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources,Philippines Dispute Resolution Center (PDRCI),Place of Arbitration,Place of Effective Management,Pleading,Pledge,Political Risk Insurance,Pre-Hearing Conference,Pre-Hearing Exchange,Prejudgment (writ of) Attachment,Preliminary Hearing,Preliminary Issue,Preliminary Objections,Preliminary Procedural Consultation,Preservation of Evidence,President of the Court,Presiding Arbitrator,Presumption of Arbitrability,Privileges,Procedural Fairness,Procedural Law,Procedural Order,Procedural Rules,Procedural Timetable,Proof,Protocol,Provisional Advance on Costs,Provisional Application,Provisional Measures,Public Interest,Public Policy,Public Purpose,Punitive Damages,Qatar International Arbitration and Reconciliation Centre,Quantum,Rabat International Mediation and Arbitration Centre (CIMAR),Ratification,Reasoned Award,Recast Brussels Regulation,Receptum Arbitrum,Reciprocity,Recognition of Award,Rectification,Red List,Redfern Schedule,Référé Provision,Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (RCICAL),Regional Economic Integration Agreement,Registrar,Registration (of a Treaty; of an Investment),Registration Fee,Rejoinder,Remission,Removal of Arbitrator,Replacement Arbitrator,Reply,Request for Arbitration,Request for Consultations,Request to Produce,Res Judicata,Reservation,Reserve Seat,Resolution,Respondent,Restitution,Right of Access to Court,Right of Action,Right of Establishment,Right to be Heard,Rome Convention,SADC,SADC Investment Protocol,SADC Treaty,SAKIG,SAKIG Rules,Salini Test,Sanction,SCAI,SCAI Rules,SCC,SCC Rules,Schedule of Costs,Scott v. Avery Clause,Sealed Offer,Seat of Arbitration,Secretariat,Secretary-General,Security for Costs,Security Postings,Self-Defence (of States),Self-Determination,Separability,Sequestration of Witnesses,Serious Irregularity,Service of Process,Set Aside,Set-Off,Settlement,Severability,Sharjah International Commercial Arbitration Centre (SICAC),Sharm el Sheikh International Arbitration Centre (SHIAC),SIAC,SIAC Rules,Simultaneous Submissions,Singapore Chamber of Maritime Arbitration (SCMA),Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC),Single Joint Expert,Site Inspection,Slip Rule,Soft Law,Sole Arbitrator,Sole Effects Doctrine,Southern African Development Community (SADC),Sovereign (or State) Immunity,Sovereignty (of States),Spanish Arbitration Society (SEA),Special Commission of the Hague Conference on Private International Law,Special Commissioner,Special Fee,Specific Performance,Splitting the Baby,St. Petersburg International Arbitration Court (SPICAC),Stabilization Clause,Standard of Proof,Standing,Stare Decisis,State,State-to-State Arbitration,State Aid,State Attribution,State Immunity,State Responsibility,Stateless Award,Statement of Case,Statement of Defence,Statement of Defence to Counterclaim,Statement of Reply,State-Owned Company,Stay (of Proceedings or Execution),Stenographic Record,Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC),Subject Matter Jurisdiction,Submission,Submission Agreements,Subpoena,Subrogation,Substantive Jurisdiction,Succession of States,Succession of Treaties,Sui Generis,Summary Procedure,Sunset Clause,Supervisory Jurisdiction,Surety,Survival Clause,Survivorship of Treaty Obligations,Swiss Chambers Arbitration Institution (SCAI),Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Dispute Resolution Center (TAG Resolution),Tehran Regional Arbitration Centre (TRAC),Termination (of a Treaty),Terms of Appointment,Terms of Reference,Territorial Extension Clause,Territorial Jurisdiction,TEU,TFEU,Thai Arbitration Institute,The Arab Center for Mediation and Arbitration in Intellectual Property,Third Party,Third Party Beneficiary,Third-Party Funding,Tokyo Maritime Arbitration Commission of the Japan Shipping Exchange (JSE),TPP,Trade Usages,Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs),Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP),Transcript,Transnational Arbitration,Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP),Transparency,Travaux Prépatoires,Treaty,Treaty Claims,Treaty of Westphalia,Treaty on European Union (TEU),Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU),Treaty Shopping,Treaty Succession,Treaty-Based Arbitration,Treaty-Based Award,Treaty-Based Obligations,Tribunal,Tribunal Arbitrajodel ICAV (TAV),Tribunal Secretary,Tribunal’s Expenses,Tribunal Fees,Tribunal-Appointed Experts,Trigger Letter,Trinidad and Tobago Chamber of Commerce Dispute Resolution Service,Triple Identity Test,Truncated Tribunal,TTIP,Umbrella Clause,Umpire,UN International Law Commission (ILC),UNCITRAL,UNCITRAL Model Law,UNCITRAL Rules,UNGA,UNIDROIT Principles,Unified Agreement for the Investment of Arab Capital,Unilateral Declaration,United Nations Charter,United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL),United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property,United Nations General Assembly (UNGA),United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS),United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC),Universal Rules,Universal Succession,Unmeritorious Challenges,Validation Principle,Valuation,VCLT,Venire Doctrine,Venue of Arbitration,VIAC,VIAC Rules,Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT),Vienna International Arbitral Centre (VIAC),Vietnam International Arbitration Centre (VIAC),Vilnius Court of Commercial Arbitration (VCCA),Voie Directe,Voie Indirecte,Waiting Period,Waivable Red List,Waiver,Waiver Exception,Washington Convention,WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Centre,WIPO Rules,Witness Conferencing,Witness Examination,Witness of Fact,Witness Statement,World Bank,World Bank Guidelines,World Bank Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment,World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO),World Trade Center Macau Arbitration Center (WTCM),World Trade Organization (WTO),Writ of fieri facias,WTO,WTO Panel,Young ICCA,Mediator,Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Oblitations,Depositary,Option Clause,DIFC-LCIA Arbitration Centre,DIFC-LCIA Rules,Independent,Order,Unless Order,UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules,Statement of Claim,IAC,Issue Estoppel,Asia International Arbitration Centre,AIAC,Private International Law,Public International Law,Relief,Remedy,Security for Award,YIAG,Young International Arbitration Group,International Arbitration Centre, Astana (IAC),Defendant,Response,Advance Payment for Costs,Arbitration Costs,Legal Costs,Mauritius International Arbitration Centre (MIAC),MCIA,MIAC,Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA),Panel of Recognised International Market Experts in Finance (PRIME Finance),PRIME Finance,Third-Party Funding